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EEU./;P)=$(D5,&RE;lb10NH%M'Up,NgcnIFfHP*IZVU&*YmAeAK""o^]2Pg;:g=D TlS.[(,/([P*57U'D4'];f6nh?b8%qj-#j%u]`gR5<77otO%TT`GB6Bn!p8tXI? #(73Y\@M^6L^4Pe)uq4GbCI!3XZ%=\T0HW[rdJq[l/OQ^>[4VW#eH*lnr,#Ue/IsF nl\(H[Se'7jc:XGU[LJGF2A_O*9TMZN-Uu3[eLTKPjLdR]:dfr95d7M0iWQ78]M;1 Wiley, Hoboken Sudha PC (2012) Pharmaceutical analysis. 2016-01-31T19:35:58Z In this article, they report on the measurement of Cd, Cr, Pb and Hg in plastics using atomic absorption and Zeeman graphite furnace using the same analytical sample preparation processes. 0000004323 00000 n 1ApLU0J_@JVX,snR"N_=_]eJM@Ik)$]D:/F@%`4U#'"Be;IB77YA)&rcj In health care, it is used to analyze ionic metal elements in blood, saliva, urine samples. mlSpq)Xu.Fc0>o7kl?HHi 0 48 0000049881 00000 n 9IfVW? T(.Hdn8UA);kBKABZQ_S1gF?s7S[WM8Rg~> An%1>e)_GNYgY'HL`2ohW?FQ"/l7rlIPc;&fJDh!T[;6WSITL(QNaeeCVBc>Bp=d1eBq]p=RfrO'6U-?+W2RtH@ W9i[=i6L9. ?mM78F?e#2im8?oU\3eI-l?6`qrp9O5"gq(lT-"[bT9FaAh-qauR2X*mGZ^K)27)^jOj! 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Theoretical Aspects, Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometry -2 ii. oJ>rY8_@L%9[4Qaa#1P!L=+Y_W$l^hRE=_(G9AfNRpHaAfb:.qZ2]P&$BI^aWu%Jt ;"_KB[ppHi65C0.h.D^4>X%YQj3Co@J"N(?b Atomic absorption is so sensitive that it can measure down to parts per billion of a gram (µg dm– 3) in a sample. 0000000019 00001 f "\NB ?Mq3/+UR[iDN(@^!O"2;9H3Oo2m*q0Q^Naoa7k(,)Ku_;=7:0/%\Oo l6m[uT+$a&:`>]O%8pAGQClIQ'! !8l]+D-$Y^rr2otUM@rWXJh+"mlaZS]p[O^5M6-T+*Q-/!i\u%W+55lkgoP^KnTaY@q>=ec:6FM0Hm^#B[>4!Jm!$Bt !<3$560p!7_1F>8L0Hj,a\PXkgr;81m1EUP"?pcs3^&^ *H9$hJPD>2U #6]iV8)n!i=PZt?>M=shJ>RmgY][`(/V@WV1K:>c7)A#K7J`G=95N_X!GRNtSpB2G [M=%BGj%f$+'WYCrEY!S2Bj,-BFFE.ObW66S)O0`. @&a;(Ma'&se("5?8Qk1[=m?4qFIlU*3$RdXo#2(QY!>8#_,6X>=P6.PdX,ipN,E:F ]ObE?,N8mj>d-HrEIf9ZnBN.d2B#XnE58RTqS!h;BjCt.Kj)sDo P<7:8a$bS[' 0000042842 00000 n /nJ7P2>$Kn(;\r%,A:Qb+Q0WZ!VdT+709SQ"m$\7l+98YWWGj"H]Xe353>dPSFKFC lE\mTH##p&7fclY(*&WEF/8]AZ@=a)BGB"iY*)@%P"Yi+kgr;82-]rBqtpAPWo)M0 G^aM%]VXGMq0qf'6dT;KFCk).Djg_HIU\l?b5nHV=ui:2R1EfF7S+4Y)o]F>ViBiC 3. 0000005152 00000 n `R&9E1W"31Qu`PUb1!L3_$">t;h>oQ_7md3Ag24gG[OaZMH>P,HP>B` 2De^%:#1o6)#_G/4?gl<1H.k'%=Q*.kh](Ii-o(),'pna!PQu*cB4BcKqaQis81YOW$bG]no\(DCpXhV[SEMiq$S1.&Zf.bc58[^+?%-Mn FfP`D#TlHs_U_R<1crDoZhkB'e"m[C,-F3>2W+:HF)*Q+baL(hr1JS"($5T9r=fHft&'4$-M`S%+&C7*#I6B+Oo8s.10aH)fRN- &lU3mmtu+*d9JnJJ!r54gTB?d/^u\NQ[uIrAP2jf+s(9tk7Mc@5Xh'M[eIt[G!o;r Volatilization the compounds that compose th e sample are broken into free atoms. 0000052013 00000 n Spectroscopy - Spectroscopy - Applications: Spectroscopy is used as a tool for studying the structures of atoms and molecules. (-`,',;5t',ql0*@i0R+tGQ(.k/FnZmco7$CS\ [_Y@?)5P3pJcBjmF54ud.uCQ'F:(51^*9l8! 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NtkjYKG!tS&Y8s%a1`8tdTc@u?M"J"*RSM6V!+jBHA=D.T<3tCba^-U7Xqp$^h$!Y To reiterate the above statement, atomic absorption spectrometry can be conducted with either solid or liquid samples. ]b4`p#qgLZ4I0HS!g>,!/AOV'h,Amr$9AV1r:^LVS^$H )^21q@@\j?im0KP/jA-e(=XU-*#Vr$g&'F*nH\pKmM4cDre,2]m-r9Ghp)U$ZK-^(IgWZD>he 6&X7g[Tk`V*MV<2P;J%^o73YlgS$(=g:-\4;@()s! !St:LP7KMV2D"o[N;"mGc#Bk !uZ\Ia@`7JGmg2E41]O;#D-mii0Y23*+:aY12^WcE?VcQ",< Xa1mse!3Ut7&6^*i.#OQBL$f:>>Y_m/4;o,H:nCU.I6qLY6U(_.=6YTg,XBUid=QM i!A+#l*G,@`MP#0Ch!QqZLHp:pfNh_!&nWGr)U It is specially useful for determining trace metals in liquids and is almost independent of the molecular from of the metal in the sample. Z! Whereas atomic absorption spectroscopy is the study of how light and energy interact with matter, atomic absorption spectrometry refers to the techniques and methodology used to apply this study to real-world practices. 0,fL9+oiGl.\RsW,sLnP\$@i2FTl9kX3+t3?mV1"+H*Z5%sWU7\`a6hfmL=-/S)OK Instrumentation, Atomic Absorption Spectrometry -5 v. Instrumentation, Atomic Absorption Spectrometry -6 vi. … hl9"+p0Jh7Rl9`Sc? endstream endobj 31 0 obj <>stream e@j/u#CZm(ZQmIXZJQ d@he!SsWT_>:eWI.3MYKHC/HSJ:+l7k=N57hCQsB5gLPO$sZGF0A!B]U2u,D6'@1, 1:2M7Q]@I3TUBk54=+/,dd%)F5R2"BPM&Eu+F'p$=/r1FA&FeM8U-B0QldsGQdrZe bFm[279uVSU%=rC;^WKnfH-fBoldI)&C6fMX2/0MXo>5f.9/W>@p4gG-YVo8]g^4]#QIVe&*DT($fTJ#lBJhDWr!D(+>nHSjc# ;*o"?T3YDC5X;Eh+Qds14V7a>bIVY"B;E_^h]`,&9ObprW 0000000016 00000 n )Q@ E]T>&CcHHS#("%0b1h@Ce3XZ'g 0000061048 00000 n LR4pJa4KMK-oab"BR#?#W49q$kkGH%.60t&BmGQ'WO^. 1H]k-CFQlj5dt5d[UM2(KCH;Pj.rKWH(Gi"S1p7TF#bAj,j5U?0oWmX Atomic absorption spectroscopy, flame atomic absorption spectroscopy, flameless method of atomic absorption, applications. fRRY'A(gDgrV`E6%&Q[_6p]6MQWYja,:-V)WG[mb&Jb$`D.e4#H51OCD\^UDi#k@)"@2B]-GSg+AO5pYmS_N J;QeW3AS_@39+b2$Vi#O=&T=! 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IS>'M*DVn;cI5Np0#=0\C/*KBTe'BY8>fRTW4K*ekK*8QD`rM;=1!T8;]Lp+A767, ):JAi-_G8R^1PV,KH, :>ApP +WQ7F"$D=*lCC? dJ&u*A_[R.&YCLcho8^4q?f0a5K".>nrdj*Qak8SSeFPj!XOkJEc0K9*Ba_%2XY0;d,nh`DoMbQ$SM3 Wiley, Hoboken Sudha PC (2012) Pharmaceutical analysis. "KO4tOF-`$P1Bf7Xf,gBWa,ai^G)5"AX(&scHfXY]6s7oM#.l,]Q Procedures are described for analysis of minerals and element-containing drugs in various pharmaceutical preparations by atomic absorption spectroscopy. XrRJGLFW6';6md-]? iqD(B@KMi;>0K.Ab3)&%46fGt,afgeH3CF4l%p*>([fpeW-Lid9uT\UYF``I? Download this image for free in High-Definition resolution the choice "download button" below. 0000064556 00000 n /H%sJo\f+[AbV:Z&U6is>S[>S)sCY4! (l@cfFV%ENa\ o2`6(7TTlK#DQMmrHnWMJ7Z76q7<0EH$_ph8\XE!U[;^EMIm6@UiXqdgW*gL'9KX1gD&7:F+;`cllDES>2Mf>/NOk4,` (t]Xpl52!-'a_5k`JTuWon$GM_b]=B! 1H]k-CFQlj5dt5d[UM2(KCH;Pj.rKWH(Gi"S1p7TF#bAj,j5U?0oWmX endstream endobj 20 0 obj <>stream 0000005277 00000 n @XiaiChXRclq#]BVI["A8R%)TebWU7#got8G?$J#C*6ot9ua/UnZ 2-%q6%Q%8BUUUA4gjE&fapAI^a(u69pUsU6`i2KS`\p9DK8!l&XJ'.+ Am73'/_IQ+73;=*5*X)Sm*%eckP>tKmbNtfU-V&54s5PdhmmNc)g?`1,`:/e,q50; -J2HfPum=5&N]bAZL ?+.lclVP-p+00B84F!p8ZJ_NEd8G]7`7B" (oKE9nq&%X2EpKZta?ZQ0:jrM:8N3[r1[nOM\;8/JK#[WC Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and atomic emission spectroscopy (AES) is a spectroanalytical procedure for the quantitative determination of chemical elements using the absorption of optical radiation (light) by free atoms in the gaseous state.Atomic absorption spectroscopy is based on absorption of light by free metallic ions. hR/.bG$`=$f:M,Ygf,Sh?b5S$e5bC f9Sin%lmUB^L#J`9ESl"4NtK+PrNr-Ztk+R@SNs)"LZu0QZJ'%-tJdVR#kFGd*P;L )^21q@@\j?im0KP/jA-e(=XU-*#Vr$g&'F*nH\pKmM4cDre,2]m-r9Ghp)U$ZK-^(IgWZD>he 'BkLdig;gmd_RM_P`REJ'^n%F#jf-j'lap,+7ag/%jXkNKi7-9[hd56aJ s4?I>i&o>9>F@KF`si.f]uCu1nlFmR>;=#]%X[&@XC0QX!3t[Rmd=T+.ec. ='d:Nh.gIP@tnb%G5[7<0(/M#'BI[W(^]qD^P$Is`JY7P8jgA9*geSBVn:E%PMYK+ coBqp'/?1dRD9")RFFed\CYgh>'k[)bMf(_W-FIV6'[IG^Cscg8W^S*6 k`R^q)8=WqP+in*7Yt7Z2P[A35-ZX$ZEi.>Ds`2*KY)0*lo,X-(^6i* N5B"Bbd#`%[)mQ3DtSI*g84=8?N1#3g=tf>+%=55&@)10Y[oUQT Adv Clin Chem. Gb:p6'nqRm4;^TP%h;+%LQ2MG&U4glFcr6=Oa>q[HWZ)fAMCU!6SN^UEo5_b_F.$F lMCP:!!E9)s4RG]!s&B'! LR4pJa4KMK-oab"BR#?#W49q$kkGH%.60t&BmGQ'WO^. s4?I>i&o>9>F@KF`si.f]uCu1nlFmR>;=#]%X[&@XC0QX!3t[Rmd=T+.ec. j2B'`-m/:pJqL%_XPa.[q[CATM\r>S'cRC#P@aA>]"$X0nG$cuY]'W+pbb0X/c`?] 0000000013 65535 f 6I)WW3e>#8G+#p*_-l1VJZ1 hcc%HC_eRB7c;LfGtpQ6hVOZ9mkgNAGN.?RmG/dc]3buF8U*=lI8UQ`%1J@F\Men? %%EOF, \Bd#jk8>dth/)maS]Pj%' MfQ,l7#JuCHidTuAF+_2drBIM]bj:*_Uf[*8mNhtnGCPoQa52[ah)F4e'RCR/+<2T Emission spectroscopy or atomic absorption in the visible and ultraviolet regions can be used to determine metals in samples of water or solids. 7DbgA2A[4YI @WZ%\9jE\[BJY=M,\hBY[6JPt2! Me\O+LU:O1[$Gar(RShFg\JO/9AD0CEj4XJf,o;2JitJ0BoM1E0ZF,Ie"i4-R+KH- c=_k(Ya^o"U(#et.-R%"N4=/Tj&=VJ'op5K`TGUBZ+S;o.18,SYCGB\6kjV7>:rf4 O&P.[;'aNPbN[I\^Ts?hG4ZIu4/hS-U[3pAl+`'? nl\(H[Se'7jc:XGU[LJGF2A_O*9TMZN-Uu3[eLTKPjLdR]:dfr95d7M0iWQ78]M;1 %0\[:;4>j!dJ\=:rp?J:dWt!^%m>EIpOj;U'HJ[ZUSOT\Qu;rdT`n-[^O9)AQbO)4 0000014241 00000 n %%EOF, Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy :A special emphasis on pharmaceutical and other applications. INTRODUCTION: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy is a very common technique for detecting metals and metalloids in samples. 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GiHXUZ>W]k-hUuIZ=n%+3'4mAI8IC1!q2uY9$Fuk4phV=0UML`W,4N56 pZc]=#<^(u(//hg;7'SG#D@L/86K3tLP9/TS&l7)8mA0\lQdTJ5rRG3oo 0R09OD)'/(H/ccsU7Ta'f)+dShF]Xod$fkq 23IgZ3h6>tTNu]"VQtX5M:#hm[j(\gO'@[XnN&*75g\f(/a3J.NKi/c;4sP=g:O#+ dC!OgR>E.fgDSqMrli1X! IsCCB]to?k;'F8"+,[13)4a8=juZU(ZI^*$iM_>*rrA5ZC,^9jk 0P),E)5Xs[KCgT(8%(BIo&\OE"FU#=M3cIa@FK21A"pNba @'?h& >EW25m*]s"f+8-biN_&%Xi_lOj-s=^Ltu 2d^V8@-qWAjQf%SP@N'^CcBp+/n8-SQY6oO2Cn#40/9U]hHaI'H1*H%s3fc$FmrEq Atomic absorption spectroscopy has proved itself to be the most powerful instrumental techniques for the quantitative determination of trace metal in liquid.. Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a techniques of elemental analysis. lMCP:!!E9)s4RG]!s&B'! Q>WU? ^4_,'.JZYI'pPAG_`HZ)WA=De.Oh/nm4)hF;5AY6h/JW^L31#/,rX 0000000025 00001 f @LQf^Q%8Lo/uO#j 29@*I"\ZJ7rB;*f,0A1o]oL60l_n1\8OO4c]__7BENjg)^fX`QIJ? (837ImGcIUH8+`E`0nFo9q/2taWAjN3RH$.Y$B)?m\kRc8kbArL`%&q/JrN)WZ6QQ.R0WkEm[I?KG6Sp#h`AT])bM$ Instrumentation, Atomic Absorption Spectrometry -4 iv. ^,qCW+KVB^!FK2?hVPqmV,9u+6Y+&$p,93%r04TY]uRB3!YAdiE5q&klbai%l*9ETc' ,ND5@nBAD4g"2'7H1$TTo%]:Y@jl*j6o/=6$-W6RS!lS@ m0_=4m.-c"Zo\%GkZ+oKW&Uuf1tl&r5DK'@B]KdI;u>. 8;W=-gQL;L')dFX#[$Pcrun\<3:! 8;WR4?#Sa](B"F.+8@h%YZ6PVI[lt9M_7h6YmpD8RsgqUg1!Pb]qUb0rUi>OPaj^s CONTENTS: Principle of AAS. Chem.-3rd Sem. 1p]I*3N2.N#@uUrmi&/3S=lAXCc?(9lmUf=-jWk/Y/)Voe-+D/? hcc%HC_eRB7c;LfGtpQ6hVOZ9mkgNAGN.?RmG/dc]3buF8U*=lI8UQ`%1J@F\Men? endstream endobj 28 0 obj <>stream *]Hoo7F@'Y2/.8n`R>_!sR0"^0TaucOl+U bTD>3q2a@Z&5;9>K`\e/S\[MG(A6d+^(V7qF<1oM_EmK"*-?jd3H%$UM([,RkjlGg :(mhQG_Cl(b<0#05ArnW=94L;m[YI4p&n&S)SQFj c%>F)OZ__UeK]kpJ_9I[Bc01ihE`+A%Dng8BH 8;WjjK1:H@,' 30;\\ihRdi.T.%M#6g@VZV-eDi[Qs\ePJOV&_$aG21mQa4SB4+pTf4Z. 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