SEATTLE -- Our region's bridges have had a checkered past with our region's storms over the years and 38 years ago Monday, Mother Nature proved victorious one again.Feb. Have an emergency kit in your vehicle and be aware of forecasts. Then, somebody had a brainstorm: hook up tugboats to the new bridge to keep it from blowing away. The bridge was named for Lacey V. Murrow, longtime director of the Washington State Highway Department. The original Murrow Bridge opened in 1940 and was called the Lake Washington Floating Bridge. It does, particularly because only 11 years ago another regionally famous floating bridge broke up and sank in heavy weather. Take the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge back in November 1940. Close fly bys are challenging because it’s more difficult to spot the subject, and their speed is relatively faster compared to a more distant subject, therefore requiring faster panning and tracking. Accounts say that passenger cars and a semi-truck barely made it off before the bridge broke apart and sank. There it goes!”. The structural engineers and the contractor decided the design was faulty. Highway officials faced a dire situation. Area 12 Hood Canal Report Washington. Steel girders buckle and giant cables snap like puny threads. The evening westbound trips seemed to mirror the morning patterns. The Hood Canal Bridge re-opened to vehicular traffic in 1982 on Sunday, October 24. The pontoons and anchors for the bridge could not be built at the bridge site due to space and facility limitations. On December 21, 2004, Governor Locke and Secretary MacDonald announced that WSDOT would stop pontoon and anchor construction at the Tse-whit-zen site in Port Angeles and begin searching for a more suitable place to build. In that storm, The Hood Canal Floating Bridge broke apart and sank to the bottom. The eastern approach span weighs more than 3,800 tons (3,400 tonnes) and the western approach span weighs more than 1,000 tons (907 tonnes). The Hood Canal Bridge (officially William A. Bugge Bridge) is a floating bridge in the northwest United States, located in western Washington. For weekday trips 33% were for work, 17% for personal, 14% for business, 11% for medical, 9% for social, and 8% for recreational reasons. On the weekend 48% of westbound trips originated on the north and central Kitsap Peninsula, with 88% of the destinations in areas near Port Ludlow, Port Townsend, Sequim, and Port Angeles. Make sure you have the WSDOT mobile app and check our winter driving webpage. Since that time, it has become a vital link for local residents, freight haulers, commuters, and recreational travelers. [6][7][8][9] The western drawspan and the pontoons of the western half had broken loose and sunk, despite the drawspan being opened to relieve lateral pressure. The convenience it provides has had a major impact on economic development, especially in eastern Jefferson County.[3]. The project required the bridge to close to traffic for five weeks to allow the old pontoons of the east-half to be cut away and the new pontoons floated into position, cabled together and connected by cables to large anchors on the sea floor. At the time of the failure, the bridge had been closed to highway traffic and the tower crew had evacuated; no casualties resulted. [3] In its marine environment, the bridge is exposed to tidal swings of 16.5 feet (5 m).[5]. KUOW is the Puget Sound region’s #1 radio station for news. What is the state’s plan to protect incarcerated people from Covid-19? The Lacey V. Murrow Bridge was no more. During the course of the closure an additional ferry route was temporarily added between Edmonds and Port Townsend. It withdraws part of the bridge into itself, underneath the other layer. JUST IN: A 65-foot recreational boat is sinking 1.3 miles SW of the Hood Canal Bridge. In a rather unique fashion, the Hood Canal bridge does neither. As the narrator of a newsreel about the collapse said, “No structure of steel and concrete can stand such a strain. They’re made up of narrow, barge-like, hollow concrete boxes called pontoons. The transition spans and center draw span were also replaced during this closure. In that storm, The Hood Canal Floating Bridge broke apart and sank to the bottom. Get a quick look at the most important local stories of the day with KUOW's Today So Far newsletter. For weekday trips, nearly 55% of westbound trips originated in northern or central Kitsap County with 90% of the destinations in the Port Ludlow, Port Townsend, Sequim, and Port Angeles areas. Then, over Thanksgiving weekend, as often happens, a big storm blew in to Western Washington. HOOD CANAL – A salvage crew is working to recover a 65-foot yacht that took on water near the Hood Canal Bridge Tuesday. This system seemed to work from when the bridge opened in 1961 until the disaster of 1979. Who is going to work on Washington farms during the pandemic. Nobody was hurt that blustery November day, but a few construction vehicles that’d been parked on the bridge for the weekend sank beneath the waves. It was renamed the Lacey V. Morrow bridge in 1967. The Murrow Bridge was on the bottom of Lake Washington. In November 1990, the 6,600-foot-long bridge, made of 22 floating bolted-together pontoons, was in the process of being converted from a two-way road to a one-way road. It was decided to use a large rubber dam between each of the two pontoons as they were attached, clean the concrete surfaces of all marine growth, epoxy, and tension them with a number of cables welded to a variety of attachment points. 65-foot boat sinking near Hood Canal Bridge (KOMO video) Eventually it became too dangerous to stay on board and the eight people evacuated to a dinghy and row to shore. I found a brief video on the state DOT site, which is definitely worth the 15 seconds or so it takes to watch it. And then, in February 1979, there was another big blow in Washington state, along with a lot of waves. A similar floating bridge was built across Lake Washington in 1940 to carry traffic on old US Highway 10, which later became known as Interstate 90. Fished 11/07/2009. Outfitting includes adding all electrical and mechanical parts, connecting the pontoons into sections and building the roadway on top of the pontoons. However, long established law requires the Hood Canal Bridge and others like it (Title 33, Part 177 Draw Bridge Operations) to give marine traffic the right-of-way over vehicular traffic. The tugboats remained on this unusual duty, holding the pontoons in place, until the anchor cables could be replaced and the new bridge made safe once again. At 7,869 feet (1.490 mi; 2.398 km) in length (floating portion 6,521 feet (1.235 mi; 1.988 km)), it is the longest floating bridge in the world located in a saltwater tidal basin, and the fourth longest floating bridge overall. WSDOT evaluated different sites at which to build during a site selection process. Are climatologists studying the pandemic’s effect on Puget Sound? At that time, "there was no evidence of historic properties or cultural resources" (NEPA Re-evaluation Consultation, FHWA) and WSDOT was able to purchase the site and begin construction. [2] It carries State Route 104 across Hood Canal of Puget Sound and connects the Olympic and Kitsap Peninsulas. The bridge is officially named after William A. Bugge (1900–1992), the director of the Department of Highways from 1949 to 1963, who was a leader in the planning and construction of the bridge. The bridge reopened June 3, 2009.[13][14]. It carries State Route 104 across Hood Canal of Puget Sound and connects the Olympic and KitsapPeninsulas. The depth of the water, however, made construction of support columns for other bridge types prohibitively expensive. Fourteen pontoons will be built in four cycles at the site. WSDOT stopped all work on the site, and a government-to-government consultation process began among the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, WSDOT, the Federal Highway Administration, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the State Historical Preservation Office. On August 14, 2006, WSDOT agreed to donate the site to the Lower Elwha Klallam tribe, rebury all remains uncovered, and pay $2.5 million in damages.[15]. A new matching span had been built alongside and was already carrying cars across the lake, so the old bridge was closed to traffic for the renovation project. In a project that lasted from 2003 to 2009, WSDOT replaced the east-half floating portion of the bridge, the east and west approach spans, the east and west transition spans, and the west-half electrical system. The state's department of transportation attempted to mitigate the impact of the disaster by redirecting traffic to US Highway 101 to drive around the 50-mile (80 km) length of Hood Canal and by reestablishing the state ferry run between Lofall and South Point across the canal just south of the bridge. When the plaque was presented, nobody seemed to notice that the award KIRO had won was named for Lacey’s famous brother Ed. Officials and the public were stunned by the sudden loss of the old bridge. Like its Washington cousins, this bridge has suffered its share of problems: deterioration due to lack of maintenance, ship collisions and the sinking of sections due to heavy tides. "Settlement reached in Indian burial site", Learn how and when to remove this template message, "William Adair Bugge assumes duties as Director of Highways on July 1, 1949", "Hood Canal Bridge opens on August 12, 1961", "William A. Bugge Bridge: Replacement Plan for the East-Half Floating Portion", "Hood Canal Bridge sinks during a severe storm on Tuesday, February 13, 1979", "Hood Canal Bridge reopens awash in traffic", "Project - SR 104 - Hood Canal Bridge Project", "SR 104 Hood Canal Bridge open again - eight days early", http://www.myrtlebeachonline.com/mld/myrtlebeachonline/news/breaking_news/15274953.htm, The Washington State Department of Transportation, Tacoma Narrows Bridge ("Galloping Gertie"), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hood_Canal_Bridge&oldid=990696501, Transportation buildings and structures in Kitsap County, Washington, Transportation buildings and structures in Jefferson County, Washington, Transportation disasters in Washington (state), Former toll bridges in Washington (state), Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2016, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 00:24. First opened 60 years ago in 1961, it was the second concrete floating bridge constructed in Washington. The Lacey V. Murrow Floating Bridge across Lake Washington lists and sinks while undergoing renovation in November 1990. Construction began on the new east-half floating pontoons at Concrete Technology in April 2006. Eight people managed to escape to safety when their 65-foot boat began sinking near the Hood Canal Bridge Tuesday evening. [10][11] The west portion replacement had been designed and constructed in less than three years using $100 million in federal emergency bridge replacement funds at a total cost of $143 million (equivalent to $379 million today).[12]. It's unclear what caused the boat to start to take on water about 1. Tides All Tide Points High Tides Low Tides. It is believed that this discovery may be documentation of the first time that Natives and non-Natives began to interact on this shore[citation needed]. Despite a lot of anxiety about the closure, others also recall the 1979 sinking of the Hood Canal Floating Bridge, which left the area isolated for three years before the new bridge opened. Before purchase, the National Historic Preservation Act required archaeologists to perform a review of the historical site. Critics questioned the use of floating pontoons over salt water, especially at a location with high tide fluctuations and the concern that the funneling effect of the Hood Canal might magnify the intensity of winds and tides. As in Washington, Norway has its share of water near population centers. But when the old bridge sank it severed anchor cables on the new bridge. The total cost of the project, about $471 million, was paid for by state, federal and agency funds. When they work, a floating bridge is an engineering marvel. The Coast Guard says 8 people self-rescued from the boat's dinghy and made it safely to shore. During the night, the bridge had withstood sustained winds of up to 85 mph (137 km/h) and gusts estimated at 120 mph (190 km/h), and finally succumbed at about 7:30 a.m. on Tuesday, February 13. The Coast Guard says the 65-foot … The Washington toll bridge authority is authorized to issue revenue bonds to refund all or any part of the authority's outstanding 1955 Washington state ferry system refunding revenue bonds and 1957 ferry and Hood Canal bridge revenue bonds. Photo courtesy Washington State Department of Transportation. The most represented communities were, in numerical order, Port Ludlow (8%), Port Townsend (7%), Port Angeles (6%), Seattle (6%), Sequim (5%), Poulsbo (5%), Bremerton (4%), Port Hadlock (2%), and Silverdale (2%). Help guide our reporting by submitting a topic, question, or one of your stories to our team. These historical findings will be investigated thoroughly by the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe and archaeologists. When they were attached for the first time, and then towed into place and anchored, sea conditions in the Hood Canal were too severe and the pontoons were returned to a nearby bay until a better method of attaching could be devised. The third-longest is the Hood Canal Bridge, about thirty miles (50 km) to the northwest. — The U.S. Coast Guard Seattle is at the scene of a 65-foot boat taking on water near the Hood Canal Bridge. Peak volumes reach 20,000 vehicles on summer weekends[citation needed]. A semi-truck driver cited for traveling too fast for conditions was blamed Tuesday morning for a wreck that shut down the Hood Canal Bridge for nearly two hours and sent a woman to the hospital. Meanwhile, passenger cars whizzed by on the adjacent new bridge. The original bridge closed in 1989; with the current bridge … The Hood Canal Bridge (officially William A. Bugge Bridge) is a floating bridge located in the U.S. state of Washington that carries Washington State Route 104 across Hood Canal and connects the Olympic and Kitsap Peninsulas. The design and planning process for the Hood Canal Bridge took nearly a decade amid criticism from some engineers throughout that time. But worst of all, the winds of November were still blowing, and the new bridge was in serious danger. All eight people who were on board were able to safely get into a dinghy and row to shore. 65-foot boat started sinking 1.3 miles SW of the Hood Canal Bridge. HOOD CANAL, Wash. (AP) — The Coast Guard says eight people escaped a sinking yacht in Hood Canal. Efforts to repair the bridge began immediately and Washington Secretary of Transportation William A. Bulley secured a commitment of federal emergency relief money for the project. When asked the purpose of their trips, respondents reported that for weekend trips 21% were for recreational, 21% for social, 19% for personal, 18% for work, 6% for business, and 4% for medical reasons. The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the probable cause of the grounding and sinking of the recreational yacht Silver Lining was the vessel’s operator not properly determining the ship's position approaching the west span of the Hood Canal Bridge from the south. The survey was in three stages: A video camera count of traffic on weekdays (Tuesday and Wednesday) and a weekend (Friday through Sunday) to estimate average volume; the use of that video to record license plate numbers for vehicle registration addresses to assess which communities would be most affected; and the mailing of a questionnaire to the registered owners of those vehicles seeking information on trip origin, destination, and purpose, and choice of travel alternatives during a bridge closure. The vehicle registration information indicated that a majority of trips were by residents of communities near the bridge. Video of the Sinking of the Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge. The Washington state ferry system shall be efficiently managed, operated, and maintained as a revenue-producing undertaking. [4] The water depth below the pontoons ranges from 80 to 340 feet (25 to 105 m). Jump to Date Confirm Graph Plots Open in Graphs. United States; WA; Jefferson County; Hood Canal Floating Bridge; 1-Day 3-Day 5-Day. Within the first two weeks of construction, artifacts were found from an ancestral burial ground from an ancient village called Tse-whit-zen. A large number of eastbound weekday morning trips appeared to be for commuting purposes, with 92% of originating in Port Ludlow, Port Townsend, Sequim, or Port Angeles, and 60% with central or northern Kitsap County as a destination, and 32% ending in the Seattle metropolitan area. The Hood Canal Bridge (officially William A. Bugge Bridge) is a floating bridge in the northwest United States, located in western Washington. A few turn sideways to make an opening. In November 1990, the Lacey V. Murrow Bridge was 50 years old, and it was being refurbished. The video count produced a weekday average of 14,915 trips/day and a weekend average of 18,759 trips/day. For several hours before the Tuesday the 13th catastrophe, a storm has battered the bridge with winds of 80 miles per hour gusting to 120 miles per hour. Details. By Sunday, the news from Lake Washington was bad. The two grew up together in Skagit County. This story originally aired on Nov. 26, 2012. Here in the Evergreen State, there’s something peculiar about bridges and windstorms. The hollow pontoons filled with water and sank. On Tuesday, February 13, 1979, about 7 a.m., the western half of the Hood Canal Bridge sinks during a severe storm. Hood Canal area of the Puget Sound in Washington state It was an exciting experience when this eagle flew past me in close proximity. Bad design doomed that span from the start and earned the bridge an appropriate nickname. On June 15, 1979, actual work began with the removal of the west truss and transport for storage. The pontoons are bolted together and then tethered with heavy cables to giant concrete anchors on the lake bottom. Remember the Mercer Island floating bridge going under in 1990, or the sinking of the Hood Canal floating bridge in 1979? An investigation into the sinking found that the pontoons had been exposed to water from the renovation process and from the rain and waves of the windstorm. Angler. Many sites were considered but the best option to be found by WSDOT was in Tacoma, Wash. at Concrete Technology. Evidence points to blown-open hatches allowing flooding of the pontoons as the cause of the sinking. WSDOT has an agreement with the US Coast Guard to prevent some seasonal drawspan openings. Another three pontoons, built during the west-half bridge replacement in the early 1980s, were retrofitted in Seattle. The Lacey V. Murrow Bridge was no more. This route had been discontinued after the 1961 bridge opening and the state needed to reacquire access to and restore operational conditions on both landings. Completed pontoons will be floated out of the graving dock in Tacoma and transported to Seattle for outfitting at Todd Shipyards. He was also brother of famed broadcaster Edward R. Murrow. In planning for a prolonged closure of the bridge for the east-half replacement, the Washington State Department of Transportation conducted a five-day survey of bridge use in early June 1998 in order to assess closure impact and plan effective mitigation strategies. Eight people aboard the vessel Silver Lining, which began to … A new contractor was hired and the design modified. Additional information about the Hood Canal Bridge is located on the Common Questions web page. The Port Angeles graving dock was chosen for its accessibility to water and land as well as the work force. Credit: Hood Canal Floating Bridge Tide Times and Heights. Eight people were onboard and safely made it to shore in a dinghy. Our independent, nonprofit newsroom produces award-winning stories, podcasts and events. West-half reconstruction and 1982 re-opening, Associated Press. “Galloping Gertie” was blown down in a gale just four months after it opened. Monday traffic was a mess. "Wreck of the Lacey V. Murrow" 1990 parody song by Dave Ross for KIRO Radio. The Hood Canal Bridge (officially William A. Bugge Bridge) is a floating bridge located in the U.S. state of Washington that carries Washington State Route 104 across Hood Canal and connects the Olympic and Kitsap Peninsulas. First opened 59 years ago in 1961, it was the seco… The bridge reopened as a toll bridge, but tolls were lifted in 1985 after a court ruled that the insurance settlement constituted repayment of the construction bonds, and since federal funds were used in reconstructing the bridge, the Washington State Department of Transportation could not charge tolls after the bonds were retired. The Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge that connected Seattle to Mercer Island sank to the bottom of Lake Washington 23 years ago this weekend. Then, over Thanksgiving weekend, as often happens, a big storm blew in to Western Washington. Storms have the potential to close the SR 104 Hood Canal Bridge until weather conditions improve. His consulting for government agencies included NASA, the National Science Foundation and Washington state, including an analysis of factors that led to the sinking of the Hood Canal Bridge during a 1979 storm. At 7,869 feet (1.490 mi; 2.398 km) in length (floating portion 6,521 feet (1.235 mi; 1.988 km)), it is the longest floating bridge in the world located in a saltwater tidal basin, and the fourth longest floating bridge overall. The questionnaires revealed that a majority of trips were to and/or from communities near the bridge. The anchor cables on the new bridge were broken, and it wasn’t safe. Sunday night, officials decided to close the new bridge. The boat has 300 gallons of diesel and 12 gallons of oil on board. Seattle radio station KIRO won the industry’s most prestigious broadcast journalism award for their coverage of the sinking of the Lacey V. Murrow Bridge. Tens of thousands of commuters were forced to find other ways to get to work. Like the Hood Canal Bridge 11 years earlier, it had broken apart and sunk. Like the Hood Canal Bridge 11 years earlier, it had broken apart and sunk. The Hood Canal Bridge suffered catastrophic failure in 1979 during the February 13 windstorm. 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