In addition to the tropical fronds, in the spring, Chinese palms also grow large panicles of fragrant flowers that measure about 2 to 3 inches long. This is a hardy palm and can withstand subfreezing temperatures. Size: Height at maturity is most commonly around 25 feet in our region, up to 40 feet in areas like California.Growth rate is moderate to somewhat fast with good care. It is a very adaptable palm and is simple to grow. Native of China. If you aren’t sure when to water, place a finger about 2 to 3 inches into the soil surrounding the base of the tree. Though Chusan palms can tolerate severe temperature changes, they do need protection from the wind, as wind can damage the fronds. While seed propagation is relatively easy, it does require patience, as it can take as long as three months for the seeds to germinate. It differs in rarely growing to more than 5 m (16 ft) tall, with leaflets less than 45 cm (18 in) long; the short stature and small leaves give it greater tolerance of wind exposure. The species was brought from Japan (Dejima) to Europe by the German physician Philipp Franz von Siebold in 1830. Propagation: Windmill palm seeds will germinate in 8 … They rise atop a stout trunk that is densely covered with hairy black fibers from old leaf sheaths. However, on occasion the windmill palm can become plagued with scale insects and palm aphids. The Plants Database includes the following 2 species of Trachycarpus .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. It tolerates cool, moist summers as well as cold winters, as it grows at much higher altitudes than other species, up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) in the mountains of southern China. It is one of the hardiest palms growing in the mountains of southern China. An ideal location would be a west- or east-facing side of your property. The common name refers to Chusan Island (now Zhoushan Island), where Robert Fortune first saw cultivated specimens. Type above and press Enter to search. Interestingly, the term "Windmill Palm" is used to describe the most common species of the group (Trachycarpus fortunei) as well as the group in general. The female flowers are green in color and the male flowers are yellow. Because they have a high tolerance for cool summers and cold winters and even snow, Chusan palm trees are also widely used in landscapes in the cooler climates of the northern regions of the United States, such as the Pacific Northwest, the Mid-Atlantic region, and upper southern states, as well as countries throughout Europe, including the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Belgium. Beccari, Odoardo: 1931 "Asiatic Palms, Corypheae", Martius, Carl Friedrich Philipp von: 1850, Stührk, Chris: 2006 "Molekularsystematische Studien in der Subtribus Thrinacinae, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gattung Trachycarpus H. Wendl". Windmill palm is native to China and is extremely cold tolerant – even tolerating snow! The Windmill palm grows up to 25 ft (7.5 m) and has a fairly slim trunk that measures around 8″ (20 cm). Windmill palm, Trachycarpus fortunei, our Mystery Plant is not at all native, although it is sometimes mistaken for Sabal palmetto, the “palmetto” tree. Avoid placing fertilizer directly up against the trunk. If the soil feels dry, the tree needs to be watered. We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. Some links may be affiliate links. Windmill palm, also known as Chinese windmill palm and Chusan palm, is one of the most cold-hardy types of palm trees. Also known as Chusan palm, windmill palms are named for the large rounded leaves held above a slender stalk, creating a “windmill” like form. To improve the aesthetic appeal of your Chusan palm, remove any yellowed or brown leaves and spent flowers. For best results, horticulture experts recommend fertilizing these palms on a monthly basis during the growing season, applying 0.5 to 2 pounds of fertilizer to the soil per month; mature trees should be fed more and younger trees should be fed less. Every palm tree is different and their propagation methods and chances of success outside their native range will vary as well. In addition to windmill palm, this species of palm tree is also referred to as the Chinese windmill palm (though, as mentioned, it has not been determined that it originated in China), the Chusan palm, and the fan palm. Good for garden, patio and effective near a pool. [11]. In it's early growth, it can grow one to two feet a year. Family: Arecaceae . It was first described by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius in 1850 in his Historia Naturalis Palmarum but under the illegitimate name of Chamaerops excelsa. Grows 15-20' x 4-5', Hardy to 10 F. Native to temperate and mountain forest in China. This windmill palm is named for its large, rounded-edge leaves, which are held together by a thin stalk in the center, creating the appearance of a windmill. Preferring… This palm tree can be seen mostly in China, but it is so tolerant it can grow even in freezing conditions. A windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is a slow-growing palm native to Asia. If you are growing your windmill palm in a container, it will not need to be transferred to a larger container for a long period of time, as its growth rate is very slow. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus Wagnerianus) The windmill palm is native to China and is medium in size, typically growing to 25 feet tall with leaves measuring 3 feet across. Growing to 12–20 m (39–66 ft) tall, Trachycarpus fortunei is a single stemmed fan palm. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. Since then she has gone on to develop a passion for growing vegetables & fruit in her garden. The windmill palm tree (Trachycarpus fortunei) has a single trunk that stands erect. The leaves have long petioles which are bare except for two rows of small spines, terminating in a rounded fan of numerous leaflets. Once planted, water the soil and place the container in a warm, moist location. Its tolerance of cool summers and cold winters makes it highly valued by palm enthusiasts, landscape designers and gardeners. Initially yellow, the fruits turn a dark bluish-black color when they ripen in the fall. If you are propagating, sow the seeds in a small container filled with a thin layer of soil. `` Recens Palme Vecchio Mondo '' trunk ) as it dies encourage moisture warmth! 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